The Internet revolution has brought about the era of Artificial Intelligence. And it’s here to stay. To the point that AI has seamlessly blended into our daily life. Our dependence on AI keeps increasing as technological innovations make life more convenient.
ChatGPT is the latest of them and the world just can’t stop gushing about it. So, what is chat GPT and what’s all this excitement about? What is Chat GPT?
ChatGPT, or Chat Generative Pre-trained Transformer, is an AI chatbot created by OpenAI. It is a Large Language Model (LLM), trained on massive amounts of language data to accurately predict the next word of a sentence. Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback (RLHF) was used to train ChatGPT.
This is why the AI’s responses are remarkably human-like and conversational, the reasons for the technology’s viral fame. How does it work?
In simplistic terms, the AI was taught what kind of responses humans expect when they ask a query. The AI trainers provided conversational data for the model, and they also ranked the model’s different responses to sample questions based on their quality. Using such a reward-based model, the AI constantly keeps learning and modifying its strategy to answer questions better. How to use Chat GPT in Heath Care?
Chat GPT is a language model that has been trained on massive volumes of internet texts. It attempts to imitate human text and can perform various roles in healthcare and health research. It is too early to know all the ethical implications of the adoption of ChatGPT in healthcare and research. The more this technology is used, the clearer the implications will get. But questions regarding potential risks and governance of ChatGPT in medicine will inevitably be part of future conversations-
There are many ways in which ChatGPT can be used in Health Tech. Here are some examples:
Chatbot for Patient Support: ChatGPT can be used to build a conversational chatbot that patients can interact with to get information about their health conditions, medications, and treatments. This can help to reduce the burden on healthcare providers by providing patients with quick and accurate answers to their questions. Clinical Decision Support: ChatGPT can be trained on clinical data and used as a clinical decision support tool.
For example, it can be used to predict the likelihood of a patient developing a particular condition or to recommend a treatment plan based on the patient's symptoms and medical history. Electronic Health Records (EHR):
ChatGPT can be used to analyze and extract information from electronic health records (EHR) to provide insights to healthcare providers. This can include identifying trends and patterns in patient data or alerting providers to potential drug interactions or adverse events. Mental Health Support: ChatGPT can be used to provide mental health support to patients. For example, it can be used to provide cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to patients with anxiety or depression. Health Education: ChatGPT can be used to provide health education to patients. This can include providing information on healthy lifestyle habits, disease prevention, and managing chronic conditions.
Overall, ChatGPT has a wide range of applications in Health Tech and can help to improve patient outcomes, reduce healthcare costs, and enhance the overall quality of care.
Positives:- ChatGPT amassed 1 million users within its first week 2 Among these users are health care professionals leaning into AI as the near future of health care management. ChatGPT is ushering in a new phase of health care assistance in the following ways
Summarizing patient records - By wielding the powers of AI and machine learning, ChatGPT may be able to act as a digital assistant to providers, extracting essential information from patient records, grouping relevant data, and more. With this information readily available, providers can assess patients more quickly. Enhancing clinical decision support systems.
These systems have long played an important role in recommendations for patient care. Enhancing these systems using AI and machine learning may improve patient outcomes and treatment decisions. “In my view, patient interactions and care should be offered inherently through chat first, virtual care second, and in-person care third,” said Ali Parsa, MD, founder and CEO of Babylon, a global AI and digital health platform. “Moving to conversational systems powered through AI models such as GPT-3 (and others), which are contextualized with patient information, will provide more personalized and clinically accurate answers for patients.” Automating administrative functions.
Data from studies3 have shown that health care providers and their staff spend approximately 16.4 hours per week navigating insurance approvals for patient medication, procedures, and other medical services. Focusing on administrative duties means less time for providing medical care. But using suitable prompts, ChatGPT can be trained to draft letters seeking prior authorizations, appeals of insurance denials, and other claims, Parsa noted. Improving patient education. Using the algorithm’s simplified syntax, providers may use ChatGPT to keep patients informed throughout treatment. Clinical notes are typically written in professional language, making them difficult for patients to understand. ChatGPT may one day learn to simplify medical notes, prescription information, or even suggested lifestyle modifications for better patient comprehension. Providing answers to FAQs. Health care is fast paced, and it can be difficult to find the time to answer patient questions. ChatGPT can support providers by filling the gaps in care information and answering questions about diagnosing or managing conditions. Challenges to ChatGPT Adoption However, there are challenges preventing the widespread adoption of ChatGPT in health care settings. For example, the information used to train the algorithm only goes through 2021, limiting its usefulness. Users also need help with determining the accuracy of answers, as ChatGPT has been known to make up references or provide incorrect information without caveats for potential error. “The challenge of mass adoption of ChatGPT is the same challenge of revolutionizing health care in the United States in general; it’s a complicated system that takes time to change,” Parsa said. “The building blocks are in place, and it will be up to the innovators to unlock the value on a day-to-day basis, by leveraging technologies such as ChatGPT that can be personalized to health care.”